NORM II Krefeld

General Programme

Session I: Monitoring

Session II: Assessment of public and occupational exposure

Session III: Experience in industry

Session IV:  Waste management

Session V: Legislation and regulatory aspects



Session I: Monitoring

1.1      Interpretation of NORM measurements with respect to the enforcement of Dutch legislation

1.2      Assessment of a high level NORM site

1.3      Naturally occurring radioactive materials in Algeria

1.4     Investigation of concentrations of 210Po in river sediments: Issues in the preparation of non-siliceous materials

1.5      NORM baseline studies and surveys for the E&P industry

1.6      Instrumental and radiochemical determination of natural radionuclides in raw and waste materials

1.7      A method for rapid determination of activity concentrations in NORM using gammaspectroscopy

1.8      Methods for monitoring of NORM on equipment offshore and onshore

1.9      Problems with activity determination in naturally occurring radioactive materials

1.10    Ongoing case studies about the implementation of the European Basic Safety Standards in Belgium

1.11    The importance of rapid sampling and transparent monitoring of sandy NORMs in the field and in the laboratory

Session II: Assessment of public and occupational exposure

2.1     Origin and encounter of 210PB in E&P facilities

2.2     226Ra and 226 Ra concentrations in gypsum plasters and mortars used in the Netherlands

2.3     Natural radioactivity in iron and steel production

2.4     Assessment of the radiological impact of coal-fired power stations in the United Kingdom

2.5     Radiological assessment of mining residues and sites in Germany

2.6     Exemption levels for dredged materials

2.7     Radon at the workplace: How to identify and how to eliminate a potential radiological risk

Session III: Experience in industry

3.1    Further developments in the in-situ removal of TENORM from E&P production facilities

3.2    The phosphoric acid production as a source of environmental radioactivity: The Spanish case

3.3    Melting of NORM-contaminated equipment of an offshore oil platform

3.4    NORM in non-nuclear industries in the USA

3.5    Radiation protection issues associated with the processing of mineral sands in the UK

3.6    Radioactivity in scrap

3.7    Offshore dismantling and decontamination of LSA contaminated production installations

3.8    NORM in oil production— activity levels and occupational doses

3.9    Employee radiation exposure levels in zircon milling plants

Session IV: Waste management

4.1    Treatment and disposal of NORM contaminated wastes

4.2    A new recycling-plant for metals, contaminated by naturally occurring radionuclides

4.3   NORM in oil and gas production—waste management and disposal alternatives

4.4    Environmentally friendly disposal of mercury and NORM-contaminated waste in the exploration and production industry

4.5    Shallow land burial as an option for the disposal of mineral sands waste

4.6   Radiation protection aspects of the re-usage and storage of radioactive contaminated scrap from natural gas exploitation

Session V: Legislation and regulatory aspects

5.1     International developments on the concepts of exclusion, exemption and clearance

5.2     Recycling of radioactive material criteria for release for unrestricted use

5.3     Operational criteria for authorizing emissions of radionuclides from the process industry

5.4     The radiological situation with respect to NORM and its regulation in Germany

5.5     Identification of occupational exposures to natural radiation sources in the Netherlands

5.7     Implementation of Euratom directive 96/29: The situation in the Netherlands concerning NORM

5.8     The European approach contribution by the European Commission

5.9     Regulatory control and NORM—the UK position